Kavarna is one of the relatively bigger towns along the Black Sea coast: its population is 12,225, while the town's port handles passenger and cargo vessels of medium size. The town is situated 48km north of Varna and just 12km away from the picturesque Kaliakra cape. The coast to the north of the town is high and steep, shining with its limestone rocks against the sea while the south of the town boasts with an excellent beach.
In combination with its beautiful nature and interesting historical sights, the region around Kavarna is becoming an attractive tourist site for golf-lovers. This is due to the construction of two new golf courses which has already commenced. One of them is situated right between the town of Balchik and the town of Kavarna, on a plateau overlooking the sea. The second one will be situated along the coastline, near the sea, below the villages of Bozhurets and Topola, 3 km away from Kavarna.
The town dates back to Thracian times. In ancient Greek times, the area was dominated by the Greek fortress of Bizone established in the 5th century BC. Kavarna is one of the ancient towns on the Bulgarian Black Sea coast. First it was situated nearer to the sea but after an eartquake in I c. B.C. the old town Byzone has been partly drowned into the sea and later, in Roman times, it was rebuilt at a new place, 3 km inland and grew into a strong Bulgarian fortress – Karvuna, only to be destroyed again soon afterwards by an invasion of Tatar tribes in the Middle Ages. Following a thorough reconstruction by the Boyar Balik, the town became an independent principality named Karvounska Hora. After the foundation of the Bulgarian State the town changed its name a few times, from Karvuna to Karbona and then to Karnava, before it eventually received its current name, Kavarna. The Turks conquered it in 1393. Shortly before the liberation of the Bulgarian state from Ottoman yoke, Kavarna's witnessed a ruthless suppression of a rebellion of the local Bulgarian population, which ended up with setting the town on fire and a death toll of about 1,200 people. The town of Kavarna was once again rebuilt into agricultural and fishing centre.
Today, Kavana is a municipality, region that keeps the traditions in vegetable growing, vine dressing, fruit- growing and grain- production.
Places of Interest:
The high hill of Chirakman keeps the remains of Roman villas and walls, medieval buildings and churches. There is a town museum hosting interesting exhibits of the town's history, including an impressive Thracian collection, and also an Art Gallery and an Archeological Museum. Old buildings dating back to the Ottoman era, as well as remains from Greek and Roman times, are also preserved. Six kilometres away from the city to the east is the Kaliakra cape. It consists of limestone and conglomerates and is strewn with lots of caves. The rocks are a protected territory and a sea-bird sanctuary. The coast is steep, with vertical cliffs going 70 metres down to the sea. The name of the area has been changed several times through the centuries - Tetrasiada, Akre and Kaliakra and was mentioned in the seafarers' maps in 14 -15 c. It means "beautiful cape" because of the red colour of the rocks. According to a local legend, the blood of the defendants of the fortress, built there in 4 c. B.C., soaked into the rocks and they turned red. This fortress later became a Roman, then a Byzantine, and since 7 c. - a Bulgarian possession. There is a legend that during the Turkish yoke, after the fortress was captured by the Turkish invaders, 40 brave Bulgarian girls plaited their hair together and jumped off the steep cliffs in order to avoid adopting Mohammedanism. Remains of ancient towns can still be seen today.
There are several big restaurants offering seafood and traditional Bulgarian cuisine in the centre of the town and close to the port. The small restaurants offer local dishes, pizzas, spaghetti, etc. The local producers sell fresh, fruits and vegetables. There are enough small snack-bars and pavilions in the town.
Kavarna is connected to Varna with a road passing through Balchik. Regular bus transport is complemented by private minibuses and taxis. One can also negotiate low-fare sea transport from the town to the nearby town of Balchik, the Kaliakra cape, nearby villages or camping sites with local boat owners.